[games_access] [CC] - was Conference in Barcelona

Richard @ AudioGames richard at audiogames.net
Wed Dec 15 06:38:51 EST 2010

Hi guys,

@Sandra... Since you quite often post questions concerning the naming of certain concepts, the following might interest you and bring you a bit further:


This is a schematic I made a couple of years ago, as an exercise just to get an overview of different adaptations of media into other media.I don't find it really accurate anymore and I've been meaning to make an improved one but life has gotten in the way so far ;)

As it might be a bit overwhelming, I'll explain what's depicted in the illustration:

Up above I've picked the 4 most generally used media in games: video, audio, text and force feedback. I could have picked more, like scent or something, but as this was just meant as a sketch, I didn't want to make it too big. (As you may notice, there is already a discrepancy here: "text" is not really a medium, but really a sign language. This is one of the things I'd like to improve ;) )

Then there are three 'transformers': "text descriptor" - basically something that transforms a medium into a textual description of that medium, "visualizer" - basically something that transforms a medium into something that you can see and "sonifyer" - basically something that transforms a medium into something that you can hear. (Another discrepancy: you may notice that I didn't include a "vibrator" (or some other name ;) - basically something that would transform a medium into something that you can feel - I could have but I didn't for the sake of this sketch)

Then what comes out of these transformers is then outputted to three different devices: audio devices (speakers, headphones), video devices (screen), and text devices (speech synth, braille reader). (Discrepency number 3: speech synth should really be linked to an audio device, and the braille reader is something tactile)

The point of this sketch was to get an overview of the possibilities of adapting media into other media. As you can see, there are many different types and also some interesting relationships (such as audio > audio description text > audio captions)

Concerning the naming of accessibility concepts and methods: as you can see there are many types, even yet-undiscovered (at least for me) types, such as Force Feedback Captions (text on screen describing tactile feedback as an alternative). What I would suggest, when searching for a usuable terminology for types of alternatives, is to first get the big picture (something like this illustration) and try and find the simularities between the types of alternatives and base your namegiving on that.

Does that make sense? Guys?



----- Original Message -----
From: "Sandra Uhling" <sandra_uhling at web.de>
To: "'IGDA Games Accessibility SIG Mailing List'" <games_access at igda.org>
Sent: Monday, December 13, 2010 4:55 PM
Subject: Re: [games_access] [CC] - was Conference in Barcelona

The question is not if they include all sounds,
The question is does it included all alternative presentations?

I personally do not like to use only "text" as presentations.
There is more, and the game designer should not what they can use
And decide themselves what they want to use.

-----Ursprüngliche Nachricht-----
Von: games_access-bounces at igda.org [mailto:games_access-bounces at igda.org] Im
Auftrag von Eleanor Robinson
Gesendet: Montag, 13. Dezember 2010 18:45
An: games_access at igda.org
Betreff: Re: [games_access] [CC] - was Conference in Barcelona

On 12/12/2010 2:24 PM, Sandra Uhling wrote:

> Hello,


> I would like to know what is the best term?


> Is Closed Captioning only for optional text or does it include also other

> alternative presentation of sound? (inclusive force feedback?)


> When not, maybe the term "Sound Alternative" is better?

> Sound Alternative includes [CC], icons, graphics and force feedback, ... ?


> Best regards,

> Sandra

As far as I know the term closed captioning includes information about
all pertinent sounds that are present in the movie or game. For
example, if there were sounds from the underbrush on the right, the
caption bar would indicate what the sounds are and where from.

Sub-titles on the other hand only include reproducing speech components.

Eleanor Robinson
7-128 Software
games_access mailing list
games_access at igda.org

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